What is technical SEO?

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Technical SEO is the foundation of any successful search engine optimization strategy. It focuses on improving the technical aspects of a website to enhance its visibility and crawlability by search engines. From optimizing site speed and mobile-friendliness to fixing broken links and improving site structure, technical SEO plays a crucial role in determining a website’s ranking on search engine results pages. By addressing technical issues and ensuring that a website is technically sound, businesses can improve their online presence and attract more organic traffic. In this article, we will delve deeper into the world of technical SEO and explore the key strategies for achieving success in this critical aspect of digital marketing. 

What is technical SEO?

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Technical SEO refers to the process of optimizing the technical aspects of a website to enhance its foundation and improve its visibility in search engine results. This process focuses on making a site easy to crawl and index by search engines, which is essential for achieving higher rankings. It involves a spectrum of activities, from optimizing the site structure and URL configuration to ensuring that each page loads quickly and is accessible to both search engines and users. Technical SEO acts as the groundwork that supports more visible SEO efforts like content creation and link building, ensuring that search engines can efficiently discover, crawl, and index the pages on your site.

Why Is Technical SEO Important?

Technical SEO is crucial because it directly impacts a website’s ability to rank well in search engine results. Search engines aim to provide users with the most relevant, accessible, and high-quality content available. If a search engine struggles to crawl and index a site due to technical barriers, the site’s content, no matter how outstanding, may not rank as well as it should. Moreover, technical SEO encompasses optimizing for Core Web Vitals, a set of factors that Google considers important for the overall user experience, including page speed, responsiveness, and visual stability.

Implementing strong technical SEO practices ensures that your website is fully optimized for both search engine algorithms and human users. It lays the foundation for a seamless user experience, enhancing the likelihood of engaging visitors and converting them into customers. From ensuring your site is mobile-friendly and loads quickly to creating an XML sitemap and utilizing canonical tags to avoid duplicate content issues, technical SEO covers a broad range of practices designed to improve your site’s backend structure and, by extension, its search engine visibility. 

5 Technical SEO Best Practices

1. Conduct Comprehensive SEO Audits Regularly

One of the first steps in optimizing your website for technical SEO is to conduct thorough SEO audits. These audits help identify areas of improvement by analyzing your website’s ability to be crawled and indexed, the current state of on-page and off-page SEO, and identifying any technical issues that might be hindering your site’s performance. Tools like Screaming Frog and Google’s Search Console can be instrumental in this process, allowing you to detect problems such as broken links, duplicate content, and issues with your site’s XML sitemap.

2. Optimize Site Speed and Core Web Vitals

In today’s fast-paced digital environment, site speed is crucial. A slow-loading website not only frustrates users but also negatively impacts your search engine rankings. Focus on optimizing your page load times by compressing images, leveraging browser caching, and minimizing CSS and JavaScript. Furthermore, Google’s Core Web Vitals offer a set of specific factors that Google considers important in a webpage’s overall user experience, including loading performance, interactivity, and visual stability. Addressing these core vitals is essential for improving user experience and SEO.

3. Ensure Your Site is Mobile-Friendly

With the majority of internet traffic coming from mobile devices, having a mobile-friendly website is non-negotiable. Google’s mobile-first indexing means the mobile version of your website is used for indexing and ranking. Use responsive web design to ensure your site looks and functions well on all devices, and regularly test your website’s mobile-friendliness using tools like Google’s Mobile-Friendly Test.

4. Implement Structured Data Markup

Structured data markup, often referred to as schema markup, helps search engines understand the content on your website. By labeling or organizing your content, you can help search engines index your site more effectively and improve the way your pages are represented in SERPs. This can lead to richer search results (enhanced snippets) with better click-through rates. Use Google’s Structured Data Testing Tool to validate your structured data.

5. Manage Your Site Architecture and Internal Linking Structure

A well-organized site architecture and strategic internal linking not only help search engines crawl your site more effectively but also improve user navigation. Ensure your website has a logical hierarchy, use breadcrumb navigation, and design your URL structure to be intuitive and reflective of the content hierarchy. Additionally, internal linking should be used strategically to distribute page authority throughout your site and help users navigate to related content effortlessly.


Mastering technical SEO is an indispensable skill for any decision-maker aiming to navigate the complexities of the digital world successfully. By focusing on practices that enhance your website’s ability to be crawled and indexed, such as regular SEO audits, optimizing site speed, ensuring mobile-friendliness, implementing structured data, and managing site architecture, you lay down the groundwork for significant improvements in search engine rankings and user experience. Remember, technical SEO is a continuous process that evolves alongside search engine algorithms and user expectations. As we extend our services, including technical SEO, to regions like Ethiopia, we remain committed to empowering local businesses and decision-makers with the knowledge and tools necessary to thrive in the digital landscape. Embracing these technical SEO best practices will not only bolster your website’s performance but also contribute to the digitalization success of projects and organizations at a global scale, including in dynamic markets like Ethiopia.

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